Prostate Biopsy Q & A
What is a prostate biopsy?
A prostate biopsy is a diagnostic procedure in which your urologist takes a tissue sample from your prostate gland, which is the walnut-shaped gland that produces fluid to nourish and transport sperm. A biopsy helps your provider rule out or diagnose prostate cancer, which is the most common form of cancer (after skin cancer) among men.
Why might I need a prostate biopsy?
Your urologist might recommend you undergo a prostate biopsy to detect prostate cancer if results from a 4Kscore® genetic test, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, digital rectal exam, a special type of a prostate MRI called multiparametric MRI of the prostate or the previous biopsy reveals you’re at risk of prostate cancer. Signs and symptoms of prostate cancer include:
- A decreased urine force
- Trouble urinating
- Blood in semen
- Bone pain
- Pelvic discomfort
- Erectile dysfunction
As noted, your doctor might complete a multiparametric MRI of the prostate gland to examine your prostate’s anatomy more accurately and identify abnormalities.
What happens during the procedure?
Follow all pre-procedure instructions before your scheduled biopsy. Stop taking certain medications, use a cleansing enema, and take antibiotics before the procedure if your doctor recommends it. Comprehensive Urology offers custom antibiotic profiling to optimize your outcome. Your urologist gives you a sedative to help you relax just before the biopsy.
During the procedure, they numb the treatment area and insert a needle into your rectum wall to extract prostate cells for testing. MRI fusion biopsies help your urologist achieve optimal precision and accuracy. They may take 10-12 tissue samples and send them to a lab for analysis. Your prostate biopsy might last about 15 minutes and is typically completely painless.
What should I expect after a prostate biopsy?
After a prostate biopsy, take it easy for about 24-48 hours. Your urologist might recommend you take an antibiotic. You may experience slight rectal bleeding, mild soreness, rust-colored semen, or blood in your stool or urine for a few days.
The Comprehensive Urology team often receives lab results from your biopsy within just a few days. They let you know if you have prostate cancer and its severity, and discuss treatment options with you.
If you’re due for prostate cancer screening or experience symptoms, schedule an appointment with the Comprehensive Urology experts by phone or book online to find out if a prostate biopsy is right for you.