Signs and Symptoms of Bladder Stones
- Painful urination
- Blood in urine
- Cloudy or dark urine
- Lower abdominal pain
- Frequent urination
- Urgent sense to urinate
- Difficulty controlling urine flow
What causes Bladder stones?
- Enlarged Prostate Gland – Whether caused by prostate cancer or benign prostatic hyperplasia, an enlarged prostate can interfere with urine flow, causing urine to remain in the body longer, where it can form crystallized stones.
- Neurogenic Bladder (Damaged Nerves) – If the nerves that control the bladder muscles are damaged, it may be difficult for a patient to fully urinate. The nerve damage can be caused by a stroke, spinal cord injury, or other health condition.
- Urinary Tract Infections – When the urinary tract is infected, the urethra becomes inflamed and swollen, interfering with urine flow. Additionally, many patients find it too painful to urinate during an infection and may avoid it for as long as possible.
- Radiation Therapy – Undergoing radiation therapy in the pelvic area can cause inflammation and swelling, which can block the urethra and dissuade patients from urinating.
- Kidney Stones – Stones that crystallize in the kidney can develop from different causes, however, these stones may travel into the bladder and grow even larger.
- Medical Devices – When using a catheter, some patients may not be able to completely drain the urine, leaving small amounts behind that can crystallize.
- Bladder Diverticula – Small pouches can develop in the bladder wall as a result of nerve damage, urinary blockage, congenital factors or other health condition, which can collect urine and prevent it from passing out through the urethra.
Treating Bladder Stones
The expert urologists at Comprehensive Urology offer a wide variety of treatments for breaking up, removing, or bypassing bladder stones. Depending on the size of the stone, some patients may be able to safely pass the stones without medical treatment, however, some patients may need the following: